Bluetongue,
France
Information received on 02/12/2016 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, Paris, France
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 29/10/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 01/12/2016
Report date 02/12/2016
Date submitted to OIE 02/12/2016
Date event resolved 26/10/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (02/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (23/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (12/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (27/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (07/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (10/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 6 (17/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 7 (11/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 8 (28/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 9 (05/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 10 (17/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 11 (06/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 12 (17/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 13 (09/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 14 (26/10/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (1) Bonifacio, Bonifacio, Corse-Du-Sud
Date of start of the outbreak 29/10/2016
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 25 0 0 0 0
Sheep 100 9 8 0 0
Affected population Since October 29, nine ewes have shown hyperthermia, nasal discharge and salivation; eight of them died. Samples taken by the accredited veterinarian on November 25 made it possible to confirm the presence of serotype 4.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 25 0 0 0 0
Sheep 100 9 8 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Goats 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
Sheep 9.00% 8.00% 88.89% 8.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Corsica is an area regulated for bluetongue serotypes 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16. Vaccination is mandatory there. Epidemiological investigation is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Traceability
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
ANSES National Reference Laboratory, Maisons-Alfort (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 01/12/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations