Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Egypt
Information received on 12/01/2017 from Dr Ibrahim Mahrous Saleh Mohamed, Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 24/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 26/11/2016
Report date 12/01/2017
Date submitted to OIE 12/01/2017
Date event resolved 07/09/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (30/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (12/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (14/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (22/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (07/09/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Arab Elhaswa, Elazzazi, Fakous, Ash Sharqiyah
Date of start of the outbreak 29/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 190 89 60 130 0
Affected population The affected species were ducks and chicken
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 190 89 60 130 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 46.84% 31.58% 67.42% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments A massive epidemiological surveillance was applied after the first outbreak. It was implemented in 45 sites in the way of the migratory wild birds. The sampling was applied on both domestic (farms and backyards) and wild birds.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Disinfection
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Center(AHRI), Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 31/12/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations