Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Slovakia
Information received on 22/01/2017 from Dr Jozef Bires , Director & Chief Veterinary Officer , State Veterinary and Food Administration , Ministry of Agriculture, BRATISLAVA, Slovakia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2
Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 03/01/2017
Report date 22/01/2017
Date submitted to OIE 22/01/2017
Date event resolved 07/06/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 24/02/2006
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (12/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (16/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 6 (24/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 7 (10/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 8 (28/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 9 (13/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 10 (28/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 11 (30/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 12 (11/06/2017)
New outbreaks (15)
Outbreak 1 Dvory nad Zitavou, Nove Zamky, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 11/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (03/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 16 16 0 0
Affected population In a pond near the Dvory nad Zitavou municipality 16 dead whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) have been found.
Outbreak 2 Zilinska Lehota, Zilina, Zilina
Date of start of the outbreak 12/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Blackbird:Turdus merula(Turdidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead common blackbird has been found in Zilinska Lehota (borough of the Zilina city)
Outbreak 3 Sokolce, Komarno, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 13/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0
Affected population On a road near Sokolce municipality one mute swan with severe clinical signs was found. It was killed on the spot.
Outbreak 4 Male Levare, Malacky, Bratislava
Date of start of the outbreak 14/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Affected population Two dead mute swans have been found in the Rudava lake near the Male Levare municipality.
Outbreak 5 Zemianska Olca - Lipove, Komarno, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 15/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 22 16 6 0
Affected population 16 dead and 6 live mute swans with clinical signs have been found around the pond or frozen in the pond between Zemianska Olca and Lipove municipalities.
Outbreak 6 Imel, Komarno, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 15/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead mute swan has been found in the canal of the old branch of the Nitra river near Imel.
Outbreak 7 Trhova Hradska, Dunajska StredA, Trnava
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (14/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead mute swan has been found in the Klatovsky branch of a river in Trhova Hradska.
Outbreak 8 Zeliezovce, Levice, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (16/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead grey heron has been found in the local stream Blatnianka in the town of Zeliezovce.
Outbreak 9 Sekule, Senica, Trnava
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (17/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Affected population Four dead mute swans have been found frozen in the pond near Sekule municipality.
Outbreak 10 Skalica, Skalica, Trnava
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (31/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead mute swan has been found in the Skalica pond No.6.
Outbreak 11 Rimavska Sobota, Rimavska Sobota, Banska Bystrica
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (10/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead mallard has been found frozen in the Rimava river in the city of Rimavska Sobota.
Outbreak 12 Surany, Nove Zamky, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (17/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 5 5 0 0
Affected population Five dead mute swans have been found around the pond or frozen in the pond near village Surany.
Outbreak 13 Puste Ulany, Galanta, Trnava
Date of start of the outbreak 17/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (28/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population One dead mute swan has been found in the Tarnovsky canal in Puste Ulany.
Outbreak 14 Trnovec nad Vahom, Sala, Nitra
Date of start of the outbreak 17/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (31/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Affected population Four dead mute swans have been found in the pond Amerika I. near Trnovec nad Vahom.
Outbreak 15 Vysoka pri Morave, Malacky, Bratislava
Date of start of the outbreak 18/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Affected population Four dead mute swans have been found in the lake near the Vysoka pri Morave municipality.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 15
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 16 16 0 0
Eurasian Blackbird:Turdus merula(Turdidae) 1 1 0 0
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 46 39 7 0
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Eurasian Blackbird:Turdus merula(Turdidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) ** ** ** **
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Eurasian Blackbird polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 18/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Grey Heron polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 18/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Mallard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 18/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 13/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 18/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 19/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 20/01/2017 Positive
Veterinary Institute in Zvolen (National laboratory) Whooper Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 16/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations