Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Uganda
Information received on 27/01/2017 from Dr Juliet Sentumbwe, Director Animal Ressources, Department of Livestock, Health and Entomology, OUG Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, ENTEBBE, Uganda
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2017
Report date 27/01/2017
Date submitted to OIE 27/01/2017
Date event resolved 27/02/2017
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (15/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (27/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/05/2017)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Avian influenza (H5N8 strain) was detected and reported for the first time on 15 January 2017 in migratory birds, white-winged terns (Chlidonias leucopterus) at Lutembe beach, Kajjansi town council (Wakiso district) and in Kachanga village, Bukakata sub-county (Masaka district). An unconfirmed number of migratory birds have since then been reported to have died in Lutembe and Ddewe landing sites around Lake Victoria shores. In addition, white-winged terns, domestic ducks and chickens have been reported dead in different places in Bukakata (Masaka district) and Kalangala district. The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has informed the public that the risk to public health from the event is very low. All poultry farmers have been advised to take biosecurity and biosafety measures to control the outbreaks. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has embarked on sensitizing, educating and training the high risk communities on the safety measures for limiting and controlling the outbreaks and a 3km (1.8 mile) quarantine/protection zone and 10 km (6.2 miles) surveillance zones have been put in place to prevent the spread of disease. A multi-spectral one health/eco health approach has been put in place to undertake investigations.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Animal Disease Diagnostic and Epidemiology Center (National laboratory) White-winged Tern reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 25/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.