Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Denmark
Information received on 03/02/2017 from Dr Per Starcke Henriksen, Chief Veterinary Officer, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/12/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 12/01/2017
Report date 03/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 03/02/2017
Date event resolved 19/04/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (03/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (02/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (25/07/2017)
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 (HPAIwb2017-1) Ormstrup Skov, Viborg, West
Date of start of the outbreak 26/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Forest
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population On December 26th, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead in Ormstrup Skov. On January 12th, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the eagle.
Outbreak 2 (HPAIwb2017-3) Hesnæs, Guldborgsund, East
Date of start of the outbreak 26/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Forest
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 1 0 1 0
Affected population On December 26th, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found near Hesnæs. On January 23th, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the eagle.
Outbreak 3 (HPAIwb2017-2) Haderslev, Haderslev, West
Date of start of the outbreak 07/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (07/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population On January 7th, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead near Haderslev. On January 13th, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the eagle.
Outbreak 4 (HPAIwb2017-4) Egå Engsø, Århus, West
Date of start of the outbreak 23/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (23/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population On January 23rd, an Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope) was found dead near the lake Egå Engsø. On February 2nd, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the bird.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 3 2 1 0
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) ** ** 66.67% **
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments The four cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5H8 in wild birds covered by this immediate notification have all been detected in 2017 and are epidemiologically linked to the cases reported in immediate notification and follow-up reports in November and December 2016. In compliance with the letter of 26 December 2016 from the Director General, cases of HPAI in wild birds detected since 1 January 2017 are notified in WAHIS to the OIE using the new disease name “Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds)”.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) Eurasian Wigeon reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 02/02/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) White-tailed Eagle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 12/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) White-tailed Eagle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) White-tailed Eagle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 23/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations