Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Belgium
Information received on 03/02/2017 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/01/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 03/02/2017
Report date 03/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 03/02/2017
Date event resolved 01/03/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (03/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (22/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (02/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (15/03/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Lebbeke, Oost-Vlaanderen
Date of start of the outbreak 26/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (03/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Common pheasant:Phasianus colchicus(Phasianidae) 1 0 1 0
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) 13 1 12 0
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) 7 0 7 0
Common Guineafowl:Numida meleagris(Numididae) 3 2 1 0
Indian Peafowl:Pavo cristatus(Phasianidae) 7 0 7 0
Phasianidae (unidentified):Phasianidae (incognita)(Phasianidae) 36 9 27 0
Affected population Non-professional owner of ornamental birds.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Common pheasant:Phasianus colchicus(Phasianidae) 1 ** 0 1 0
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) 13 ** 1 12 0
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) 7 ** 0 7 0
Common Guineafowl:Numida meleagris(Numididae) 3 ** 2 1 0
Indian Peafowl:Pavo cristatus(Phasianidae) 7 ** 0 7 0
Phasianidae (unidentified):Phasianidae (incognita)(Phasianidae) 36 ** 9 27 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Common pheasant:Phasianus colchicus(Phasianidae) ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) ** 7.69% ** 100.00%
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
Common Guineafowl:Numida meleagris(Numididae) ** 66.67% ** 100.00%
Indian Peafowl:Pavo cristatus(Phasianidae) ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
Phasianidae (unidentified):Phasianidae (incognita)(Phasianidae) ** 25.00% ** 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments First occurrence of the Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 serotype. Last occurrence of HPAI in Belgium was in April 2003.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Traceability
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Common Guineafowl nucleotide sequencing 03/02/2017 Positive
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Common Guineafowl pathogen isolation by egg inoculation 02/02/2017 Positive
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Common Guineafowl real-time PCR 01/02/2017 Positive
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Phasianidae (unidentified) nucleotide sequencing 03/02/2017 Positive
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Phasianidae (unidentified) pathogen isolation by egg inoculation 02/02/2017 Positive
CODA-CERVA (National laboratory) Phasianidae (unidentified) real-time PCR 01/02/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations