Foot and mouth disease,
Israel
Information received on 09/02/2017 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 04/02/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 06/02/2017
Report date 09/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 09/02/2017
Date event resolved 07/03/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 07/12/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot-and-mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (08/04/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (NIR YIZHAQ) NIR YIZHAQ, Beer-Sheva, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 04/02/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (07/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 650 239 3 0 0
Affected population The outbreak occurred in a dairy herd in the Kibutz Nir Yizhak. The following clinical symptoms were observed: drop in milk, drop in appetite, lesions on the udder, erosions in mouth, limping, fever. Two cows died just after calving. The last case in an adult cow over 18 months occurred on 18 February 2017. Since then, all the new cases have been detected in young calves, probably following ingestion of unpasteurized milk from cows treated with antibiotics due to secondary inflammation of the udder.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 650 239 3 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 36.77% 0.46% 1.26% 0.46%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The epidemiological investigation is ongoing. Samples from the Gaza strip were sent to the Kimron Veterinary Institute and the serotype has not been confirmed yet.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division, Foot-and-mouth disease laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 08/02/2017 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division, Foot-and-mouth disease laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle pathogen isolation on cell culture 07/02/2017 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division, Foot-and-mouth disease laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/02/2017 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division, Foot-and-mouth disease laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 06/02/2017 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division, Foot-and-mouth disease laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle virus sequencing 09/02/2017 Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations