Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nepal
Information received on 05/03/2017 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 17/02/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 22/02/2017
Report date 05/03/2017
Date submitted to OIE 05/03/2017
Date event resolved 05/03/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 22/05/2014
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (11/06/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Pokhara sub-metropolitan city-18, Bhim devi marg, Subhkamana Tole, Kaski, Gandaki
Date of start of the outbreak 28/02/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (05/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2162 0 2162 0
Affected population The outbreak was detected as a result of post-operative surveillance outside the containment zone of the first outbreak in Khalte masina area. However, the backyard chicken showed no apparent clinical signs and symptoms.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2162 ** 0 2162 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds rapid tests 01/03/2017 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 01/03/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations