Foot and mouth disease,
China (People's Rep. of)
Information received on 24/05/2017 from Dr Yu Kangzhen, National Chief Veterinary Officer , Veterinary Bureau , Ministry of Agriculture , Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/04/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 04/05/2017
Report date 24/05/2017
Date submitted to OIE 24/05/2017
Date event resolved 24/07/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 12/12/2013
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (24/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/12/2017)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Aksu, Wushi, Xinjiang
Date of start of the outbreak 24/04/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (18/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1035 221 32 1003 0
Outbreak 2 Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Fukang, Xinjiang
Date of start of the outbreak 28/04/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (24/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 275 16 275 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1310 237 32 1278 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 18.09% ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
Epidemiological comments The first outbreak occurred in fourth regiment, first Agricultural Division, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and is located in Wushi county, the second outbreak occurred in sixth Agricultural Division, and is located in Fukang city. Clinical signs were observed by local veterinary authority through active surveillance. WAHIAD Note: both outbreaks were first notified on May 9th within the follow-up report no. 2 about foot-and-mouth disease serotype O.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Lanzhou National Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 04/05/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations