Foot and mouth disease,
Myanmar
Information received on 16/06/2017 from Dr Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 15/01/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 12/06/2017
Report date 16/06/2017
Date submitted to OIE 16/06/2017
Date event resolved 06/02/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2005
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Asia 1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Sapar Htar, Kyaukphyu, Kyaukphyu, Rakhine State
Date of start of the outbreak 15/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (06/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 158 35 0 0 0
Buffaloes 10 0 0 0 0
Goats 30 0 0 0 0
Affected population Local species
Outbreak 2 Kyun Gyaung, Kyaukphyu, Kyaukphyu, Rakhine State
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (06/02/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 133 24 0 0 0
Buffaloes 12 0 0 0 0
Goats 35 0 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 291 59 0 0 0
Buffaloes 22 0 0 0 0
Goats 65 0 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 20.27% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Buffaloes 0.00% 0.00% ** 0.00%
Goats 0.00% 0.00% ** 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Contact with infected neighbouring species at grazing point. According to OIE Reference Laboratory, Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom: serotype is Asia 1, topotype is Asia and lineage is G-VIII. Note from the WAHIAD: the date of last occurrence corresponds to the serotype.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Zoning
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Foot and mouth disease Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 23/02/2017 Positive
Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 12/06/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations