Foot and mouth disease,
Nepal
Information received on 23/08/2017 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 02/04/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 06/04/2017
Report date 22/08/2017
Date submitted to OIE 23/08/2017
Date event resolved 03/05/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus (lineage G-VII)
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Chitwon, Bharatpur4, Chitwon, Narayani
Date of start of the outbreak 02/04/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (03/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 17 17 0 0 0
Buffaloes 3 3 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle and buffaloes reared in semi commercial small holder farms of Bharatpur 4, chitwon were affected.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 17 17 0 0 0
Buffaloes 3 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Buffaloes 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments 15% of young (1-1.5 years old) and 85% of adult (3-5 years old) cross breed cattle and buffaloes of four farms were affected with typical signs and symptoms of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) such as high fever, drooling of saliva, champing of jaws, lameness, off feed, lesions on tongue. All the cattle and buffaloes in the village were affected; however there was no mortality observed even in the young ones. The animals have not been vaccinated against FMD since few years in these farms. There was a buffalo collection and selling center 100 meters close to the village. There was a collection of buffaloes from different neighboring districts and international bordering districts. Further investigation is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National foot-and-mouth disease and transboundary animal diseases Laboratory, Kathmandu (National laboratory) Buffaloes polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 06/04/2017 Positive
National foot-and-mouth disease and transboundary animal diseases Laboratory, Kathmandu (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 06/04/2017 Positive
National foot-and-mouth disease and transboundary animal diseases Laboratory, Kathmandu (National laboratory) Cattle serotyping 06/04/2017 Positive
Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 14/08/2017 Positive
Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle serotyping 14/08/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations