Foot and mouth disease,
South Africa
Information received on 30/08/2017 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/08/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 24/08/2017
Report date 30/08/2017
Date submitted to OIE 30/08/2017
Date event resolved 08/02/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (30/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (02/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (04/04/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2017_001) FMD_LIM_2017_001, Greater Giyani, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (08/02/2018)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1010 3 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1010 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.30% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments Outbreak is within South Africa's FMD protection zone, close to the Kruger National Park and does not affect the status of South Africa's FMD free zone. Coordinates have been modified to protect privacy as required by South African legislation.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC OVI) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 24/08/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations