Anthrax,
Uganda
Information received on 22/03/2019 from Dr Anna Rose Ademun Okurut, Acting Commissioner, Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 17/05/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 17/05/2018
Report date 22/03/2019
Date submitted to OIE 22/03/2019
Reason for notification Unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Summary description The country has had anthrax suspected outbreaks in Arua, Kween and Kiruhura districts. These outbreaks have resulted in human and animal deaths.
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (18/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (22/03/2019)
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments There were sporadic rainfall patterns largely characterized by flooding, communal free rangeland grazing system, cultural orientation of the local population, poverty, consumption of dead animals and uninspected meat by veterinarians.
Increased Distribution
District Species
Arua Goats
Arua Sheep
Kiruhura Cattle
Kween Cattle
Disease Impact
Increased District Species Change
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Arua Cattle 10000 Vaccination in affected areas
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.