Foot and mouth disease,
Zimbabwe
Information received on 28/06/2018 from Dr Unesu Hildah Ushewokunze-Obatolu, Principal Director, , Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Harare, Zimbabwe
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 28/06/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 28/06/2018
Report date 28/06/2018
Date submitted to OIE 28/06/2018
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (28/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (27/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (17/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (18/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (29/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (18/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (01/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 7 (03/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 8 (06/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 9 (07/11/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Bopoma, Mary Mount, Rushinga, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 28/06/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2126 30 5 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2126 30 5 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 1.41% 0.24% 16.67% 0.24%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments A new incursion was reported in Rushinga district with older lesions seen on cattle along the border with Mozambique and becoming fresh inwards. Four villages dipping at Bopoma dip tank were affected. The district has been placed under quarantine with roadblocks manned by police and veterinary personnel being put in place. Inspections are currently on-going to determine the spread of infection.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle liquid-phase blocking ELISA Pending
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle Non-structural protein ELISA Pending
Botswana Vaccine Institute (Regional Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations