Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida),
Information received on 14/08/2018 from Dr Roland Xolani Dlamini, Director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture , Mbabane, Swaziland
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/08/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 13/08/2018
Report date 14/08/2018
Date submitted to OIE 14/08/2018
Date event resolved 10/01/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Aethina tumida
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (10/01/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Mkhoqweni, Hhohho
Date of start of the outbreak 02/08/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (10/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Apiary
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Bees (hives) 350 3 0 70 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Bees (hives) 350 3 0 70 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Bees (hives) 0.86% 0.00% 0.00% 20.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Beetles suspected to be small hive beetles were observed in the two affected hives. Attempts are being made to confirm infestation and to inspect other apiaries that sell to the affected farm.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations