Anthrax,
Italy
Information received on 24/09/2018 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 18/09/2018
Report date 24/09/2018
Date submitted to OIE 24/09/2018
Date event resolved 14/12/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/04/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (24/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (09/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (17/12/2018)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 (ANTH_3_ME_2018) Santa Domenica Vittoria, MESSINA, Sicilia
Date of start of the outbreak 14/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (05/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 70 2 2
Affected population The breeding farm with positive result and the neighboring farms have been subjected to vaccination on 19/09/2018.
Outbreak 2 (ANTH_4_ME_2018) Montalbano Elicona, MESSINA, Sicilia
Date of start of the outbreak 14/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (14/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 49 2 2
Sheep 155
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 119 4 4
Sheep 155 **
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 3.36% 3.36% 100.00% **
Sheep ** ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Disinfection
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicilia - Barcellona (Local laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 18/09/2018 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicilia - Barcellona (Local laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 21/09/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations