West Nile Fever,
Germany
Information received on 25/09/2018 from Dr. Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Dirigentin and Chief Veterinary Officer , Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) , Bonn, Germany
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 05/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 20/09/2018
Report date 25/09/2018
Date submitted to OIE 25/09/2018
Date event resolved 11/01/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent West Nile virus
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/02/2019)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 (18-416-00005) Berlin, Berlin, Berlin
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (22/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Zoo
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Snowy Owl:Bubo scandiacus(Strigidae) 4 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 2 (18-416-00007) Berlin, Berlin, Berlin
Date of start of the outbreak 20/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (11/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Turdidae (unidentified):Turdidae (incognita)(Turdidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population wild thrush
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Snowy Owl:Bubo scandiacus(Strigidae) 4 2 2 0 0
Turdidae (unidentified):Turdidae (incognita)(Turdidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Snowy Owl:Bubo scandiacus(Strigidae) 50.00% 50.00% 100.00% 50.00%
Turdidae (unidentified):Turdidae (incognita)(Turdidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Friedrich-Loeffler Institute (National laboratory) Snowy Owl reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/09/2018 Positive
Friedrich-Loeffler Institute (National laboratory) Turdidae (unidentified) reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/09/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations