Bovine babesiosis,
Croatia
Information received on 30/09/2018 from Dr Damir Tudan, Assistant Minister, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 19/07/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 13/09/2018
Report date 30/09/2018
Date submitted to OIE 30/09/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2005
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Babesia bovis
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Jelenje, Podstarne, Podhum, Primorsko-Goranska
Date of start of the outbreak 19/07/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10 2 2 0 0
Affected population In the framework of general passive surveillance a necropsy was performed on two dead cattle. Tissue samples were taken and testing of a spleen samples revealed positive to Babesia spp. Later, sequencing was performed and the result was positive to Babesia bovis. On the same cattle Theileria orientalis was confirmed.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10 2 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 20.00% 20.00% 100.00% 20.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Croatian Veterinary Institute- Poultry centre (National laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 13/09/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations