Bluetongue,
Turkey
Information received on 20/11/2018 from Dr Nihat Pakdil, Deputy Undersecretary of Ministry, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, ANKARA, Turkey
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 17/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 19/11/2018
Report date 20/11/2018
Date submitted to OIE 20/11/2018
Date event resolved 23/12/2018
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (20/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (05/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (12/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (26/12/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Isikli, Kozan, Adana
Date of start of the outbreak 17/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (23/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 214 50 22 0 0
Affected population First symptoms of the disease were seen on 17 September 2018. The disease was detected as positive by Adana Veterinary Control Institute, which is the regional laboratory. Afterwards, defibrinated blood samples were sent for serotyping to Etlik Veterinary Control Centre Research Institute, which is the national reference laboratory for bluetongue. As a result of the serotyping, four samples were detected as BTV-8 positive, 15 samples were detected as BTV-4 positive and four samples were detected as both type positive.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 214 50 22 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 23.36% 10.28% 44.00% 10.28%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Epidemiological comments Two different serotypes of the disease present at the same outbreak.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Adana Sheep 5800
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Etlik Veterinary Control Central Research Institute (National laboratory) Sheep real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 19/11/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations