Foot and mouth disease,
Israel
Information received on 18/12/2018 from Dr Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 4
Date of start of the event 05/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 09/09/2018
Report date 18/12/2018
Date submitted to OIE 18/12/2018
Date event resolved 17/03/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/07/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (02/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (18/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 6 (02/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 7 (02/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 8 (13/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/05/2019)
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 (SENIR (near Banias)) SENIR (near Banias), Tsefat, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (19/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 130 10 0 0 0
Affected population Free ranging beef cattle. Last vaccination 08/11/2018
Outbreak 2 (GONEN) GONEN, Tsefat, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 05/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 110 15 0 0 0
Affected population Free ranging beef cattle. Last vaccination - 10/04/2018.
Outbreak 3 (Banias Park) Banias Park, Tsefat, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 05/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (10/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mountain gazelle:Gazella gazella(Bovidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population The gazelle was found dead and samples were taken to the lab. Abcess in the hoof has been seen.
Outbreak 4 (Around Snir) Around Snir, Tsefat, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 09/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (11/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mountain gazelle:Gazella gazella(Bovidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population The gazelle was found dead.
Outbreak 5 (LAHAVOT HABASHAN) LAHAVOT HABASHAN, Tsefat, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 10/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 130 5 0 0 0
Affected population Free ranging beef cattle. Last vaccination 04/11/2018.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 370 30 0 0 0
Mountain gazelle:Gazella gazella(Bovidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 8.11% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Mountain gazelle:Gazella gazella(Bovidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The virus lineage of the two first outbreaks is O/ME/Panasia-2 The lineage of the other outbreaks is pending.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Department (National laboratory) Mountain gazelle pathogen isolation on cell culture 13/12/2018 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Department (National laboratory) Mountain gazelle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/12/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations