Foot and mouth disease,
Information received on 17/04/2019 from Dr Youssouf Ousseni Moutroifi, Responsable de la Santé Animale, Direction de l'Elevage, Vice Présidence, en charge du Ministère de l'Agriculture, de la Pêche, de l'Environnement, de l'Aménagement du territoire et de l'Urbanisme, Moroni, Comoros
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 15/03/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 16/04/2019
Report date 17/04/2019
Date submitted to OIE 17/04/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (ILe de Mwali Comores ) Fomboni, Badar Salam, Région de Fomboni, Mwali
Date of start of the outbreak 15/03/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 220 201 19 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 220 201 19 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 91.36% 8.64% 9.45% 8.64%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Quarantine
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
ANSES, Health laboratory (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle indirect sandwich ELISA 16/04/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations