Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Infection with),
Germany
Information received on 27/06/2019 from Dr Dietrich Rassow, Director for Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin, Germany
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/03/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 15/03/2019
Report date 27/06/2019
Date submitted to OIE 27/06/2019
Date event resolved 04/07/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/07/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (27/06/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (25/09/2019)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 (19-204-00001) Lengenwang, Ostallgäu, Bayern
Date of start of the outbreak 08/03/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (17/04/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 42 31 0 0 0
Affected population Mycobacterium caprae
Outbreak 2 (19-204-00002) Bohmte, Osnabrück, Niedersachsen
Date of start of the outbreak 06/05/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (04/07/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 205 1 0 1 0
Affected population Mycobacterium caprae
Outbreak 3 (19-204-00003) Meinerzhagen, Märkischer Kreis, Nordrhein-Westfalen
Date of start of the outbreak 21/05/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (01/07/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 226 120 0 224 2
Affected population Mycobacterium bovis
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 473 152 0 225 2
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 32.14% 0.00% 0.00% 47.99%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Last confirmation of Mycobacterium caprae: 30/07/2018 Last confirmation of Mycobacterium bovis: 18/04/2015 These are single cases and hence Germany still meets the requirements for freedom of Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex according to the Terrestrial Animal Health Code Chapter 8.11, article 8.11.4.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Slaughter
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Traceability
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
LAVES Veterinary Institute, Oldenburg (Regional Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/05/2019 Positive
Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority (LGL), Oberschleißheim (Regional Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 15/03/2019 Positive
SVUA Arnsberg (Regional Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 23/05/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations