Equine influenza,
Niger
Information received on 15/07/2019 from Dr Issiako Abdou, Directeur général des Services véterinaires, Direction de la Santé Animale, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Niamey, Niger
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 01/10/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 09/07/2019
Report date 14/07/2019
Date submitted to OIE 15/07/2019
Date event resolved 30/01/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Equine influenza A virus
Serotype H3N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 Jackou et Tambari, Gadebedji, Bermo, Maradi
Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (29/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 50 2 2 0 0
Affected population Affected animals have respiratory problems with coughing and sometimes mortality occurs.
Outbreak 2 Goudoumaria, Goudoumaria, Diffa
Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (29/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 11 2 2 0 0
Affected population Affected animals have respiratory problems with coughing and sometimes mortality occurs.
Outbreak 3 Dioga, Torodi, Tillaberi
Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (30/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 160 78 78 0 0
Affected population Affected animals have respiratory problems with coughing and sometimes mortality occurs.
Outbreak 4 Zabetan, Tesker, Tesker, Zinder
Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (28/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 451 106 95 0 0
Affected population Affected animals have respiratory problems with coughing and sometimes mortality occurs.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 672 188 177 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 27.98% 26.34% 94.15% 26.34%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Regional Laboratory for animal influenzas and other transboundary animal diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, PMB 01 Vom, Plateau, Nigeria (Regional Reference Laboratory) Equidae real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 09/07/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations