Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
United States of America
Information received on 19/07/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/07/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 17/07/2019
Report date 19/07/2019
Date submitted to OIE 19/07/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/04/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype RHDV2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (19/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (08/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (30/08/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 San Juan County, San Juan, Washington
Date of start of the outbreak 08/07/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 1 1 1 0 0
Affected population Non-commercial pet rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 1 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Rabbits 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments This event involved a single case which affected one pet rabbit submitted to a local veterinary clinic. The USDA, Animal Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), and the Washington State Department of Agriculture are conducting a comprehensive epidemiological investigation of this event. Feral European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) deaths in the area of the index premises were reported. Sick or dead feral rabbits and suspect pet rabbits will be targeted for surveillance.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Rabbits antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 17/07/2019 Positive
National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Rabbits reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/07/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations