Equine influenza,
Mali
Information received on 22/08/2019 from Dr Drissa Dounanke Coulibaly, Directeur National, Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l’Elevage et de la Pêche, Bamako, Mali
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 01/02/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 25/06/2019
Report date 22/08/2019
Date submitted to OIE 22/08/2019
Date event resolved 18/07/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/03/1997
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Equine influenza A virus
Serotype H3N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (25)
Outbreak cluster 1 Kola, Ouelessebougou, Kati, Koulikoro (25 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 01/02/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (18/07/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 3290 101 0 0 0
Affected population The affected animals were mainly donkeys used for traction. Males and young were predominant. The main clinical signs were fever, depression and nasal discharge.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 25
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 3290 101 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 3.07% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Trust, United Kingdom (Foreign laboratory) Equidae antibody detection ELISA 25/06/2019 Positive
Animal Health Trust, United Kingdom (Foreign laboratory) Equidae Non-structural protein ELISA 25/06/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations