Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nepal
Information received on 02/09/2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2
Date of start of the event 11/06/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 21/06/2019
Report date 02/09/2019
Date submitted to OIE 02/09/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 05/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/06/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (26/06/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (02/09/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kanepokhari-3, Harakpur, Harakpur , Morang, Koshi
Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (02/09/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 417 195 195 222 0
Affected population Mixed poultry farm with turkeys, backyard chickens, ducks and quails of various age groups
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 417 195 195 222 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 46.76% 46.76% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Rapid Response Team has been mobilized in the infected area. A total of 64 turkeys, 55 ducks, 85 backyard laying hens, 18 quails, 400 kg poultry feed and 1,500 kg feed ingredients have been destroyed and disposed of by the team. Stamping out, cleaning and disinfection are completed. Post-operative surveillance outside the containment zone is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds rapid tests 30/08/2019 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 30/08/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations