Foot and mouth disease,
South Africa
Information received on 10/09/2019 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 06/09/2019
Report date 10/09/2019
Date submitted to OIE 10/09/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/04/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/09/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2019_001) FMD_LIM_2019_001, Musina, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 02/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5000 44 0 0 0
Affected population Within South Africa''s FMD Protection Zone
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5000 44 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.88% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments Outbreak occurred in South Africa's FMD Protection Zone. Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC OVI), Transboundary Animal Diseases Programme (TADP) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 06/09/2019 Positive
Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC OVI), Transboundary Animal Diseases Programme (TADP) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle Solid-phase competitive ELISA 06/09/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations