Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Chinese Taipei
Information received on 23/09/2019 from Dr Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 09/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 13/09/2019
Report date 23/09/2019
Date submitted to OIE 23/09/2019
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N5
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (14/10/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (2019-kh-1) Qishan District, Kaohsiung City
Date of start of the outbreak 09/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 3583 0 3583 0
Affected population Meat Ducks(2019-kh-1)
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 3583 ** 0 3583 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments During active surveillance program, samples collected on 9 September 2019 from one duck farm in Kaohsiung City were sent to the National Laboratory, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) for analysis. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N5 subtype was confirmed by AHRI on 13 September 2019. The farm has been placed under movement restriction. All animals in this infected farm have been culled. Thorough cleaning and disinfection have been conducted after stamping out operation. Surrounding poultry farms (2 duck farms, 2 native chicken farms and 1 layer chicken farm) within a three-kilometer radius of the infected farm are clinically healthy and test results of HPAI are all negative, and they are under intensified surveillance for 3 months to detect, if any, spreading of the virus. Chinese Taipei therefore considers that HPAI H5N5 subtype virus has not been spread.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Disinfection
  • Zoning
  • Quarantine
  • Traceability
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) (National laboratory) Birds gene sequencing 13/09/2019 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 12/09/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations