Rift Valley fever,
Sudan
Information received on 13/10/2019 from Dr Ahmed Shiekh Eldin, Undersecretary, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services , Ministry of Animal Resources, Khartoum, Sudan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 25/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 02/10/2019
Report date 13/10/2019
Date submitted to OIE 13/10/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 14/11/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rift Valley fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (03/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/11/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Arabaata dam area, Alghunub Wa Alolaib, Red Sea
Date of start of the outbreak 25/09/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (14/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 950 21 4 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 950 21 4 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Goats 2.21% 0.42% 19.05% 0.42%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments There were few abortions in goat herds observed after heavy flooding in September 2019. There is no cattle or sheep population in the area. It is a dry area within the series of the Red Sea Hills. Surveillance, biosecurity measures and increased awareness is on going.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (National laboratory) Goats enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 02/10/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations