African swine fever,
Romania
Information received on 25/10/2019 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 11/10/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 18/10/2019
Report date 25/10/2019
Date submitted to OIE 25/10/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (30/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (07/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (12/11/2019)
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 Aita Mare, Covasna
Date of start of the outbreak 11/10/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 45 45 8 37 0
Outbreak 2 Sura Mica, Sibiu
Date of start of the outbreak 14/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (14/10/2019)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 1
Affected population Confirmation of disease in frozen meat and bone sample.
Outbreak 3 Ammas, Sibiu
Date of start of the outbreak 16/10/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 5 5 2 3 0
Outbreak 4 Homorod, Brasov
Date of start of the outbreak 17/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (18/10/2019)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 5 Homorod, Brasov
Date of start of the outbreak 19/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (22/10/2019)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 1 1 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 50 50 ** 10 40 1
Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** ** ** **
Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Swine real-time PCR 18/10/2019 Positive
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 19/10/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations