Bluetongue,
Algeria
Information received on 31/10/2019 from Dr Ahmed Chawki El Karim Boughalem, Directeur des Services Vétérinaires, Direction des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l’Agriculture, du Développement Rural et de la Pêche, Alger, Algeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 29/09/2019
Report date 31/10/2019
Date submitted to OIE 31/10/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 14/12/2011
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (31/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (07/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (14/11/2019)
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 Bekkaria, Bekkaria, El Kouif, Tebessa
Date of start of the outbreak 24/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 60 2 0 0 0
Affected population The affected animals showed the following clinical signs: fever, salivation, oculonasal discharge, tongue lesions and stomatitis.
Outbreak 2 Mechraa Safa, Mechraa Safa, Mechraa Safa, Tiaret
Date of start of the outbreak 25/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5 0 0 0 0
Goats 15 0 0 0 0
Sheep 200 11 6 0 0
Outbreak 3 Tagdemt, Tagdemt, Mechraa Safa, Tiaret
Date of start of the outbreak 28/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 0 0 0 0
Goats 13 0 0 0 0
Sheep 20 4 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 Tousnina, Tousnina, Sougueur, Tiaret
Date of start of the outbreak 29/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 7 1 0 0 0
Goats 9 0 0 0 0
Sheep 129 0 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 409 17 6 0 0
Cattle 27 1 0 0 0
Goats 37 0 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 4.16% 1.47% 35.29% 1.47%
Cattle 3.70% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Goats 0.00% 0.00% ** 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep seroneutralization test (SNT) 13/10/2019 Positive
El Tarf Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Regional Laboratory) Sheep competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 29/09/2019 Positive
Mostanagem Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Regional Laboratory) Cattle competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 13/10/2019 Positive
Mostanagem Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Regional Laboratory) Sheep competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 13/10/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations