Foot and mouth disease,
Myanmar
Information received on 25/11/2019 from Dr Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 01/10/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 10/10/2019
Report date 25/11/2019
Date submitted to OIE 25/11/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 02/07/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (13)
Outbreak 1 Zeephyupin, wuntho, Shwebo, Sagaing
Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (13/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 114 16 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Kantharyar, Khin U, Shwebo, Sagaing
Date of start of the outbreak 06/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (14/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 45 22 0 0 0
Outbreak cluster 3 Ywarpearl, Ye U, Shwebo, Sagaing (4 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 06/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (15/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 151 53 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 Ye htwet, Magwe, Magwe, Magwe
Date of start of the outbreak 06/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (08/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1692 111 11 0 0
Outbreak 5 Tongkhan, Muse, Muse, Shan State
Date of start of the outbreak 18/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (13/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1314 203 0 0 0
Outbreak 6 Kyauktai, Wetlet, Shwebo, Sagaing
Date of start of the outbreak 18/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (30/10/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 9 0 0 0
Outbreak 7 Moephone, Aung Lan, Thayet, Magwe
Date of start of the outbreak 25/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (31/10/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 101 19 0 0 0
Outbreak 8 Thayettaw, Khunhla, Kanbalu, Sagaing
Date of start of the outbreak 28/10/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (14/11/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 243 73 0 0 0
Outbreak cluster 9 Pinwal, Inndaw, Kathar, Sagaing (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 30/10/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 24 17 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 13
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3699 523 11 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 14.14% 0.30% 2.10% 0.30%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 23/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 30/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 30/10/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 05/11/2019 Positive
Biosecurity Level 2 Diagnostic Laboratory, Shwemyo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/11/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations