Glanders,
Turkey
Information received on 23/12/2019 from Dr Nihat Pakdil, Deputy Undersecretary of Ministry, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, ANKARA, Turkey
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/11/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 04/12/2019
Report date 23/12/2019
Date submitted to OIE 23/12/2019
Date event resolved 06/02/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 08/11/2017
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Burkholderia mallei
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (30/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (07/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (13/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (20/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 5 (28/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 6 (04/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 7 (11/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 8 (17/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 9 (24/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 10 (02/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 11 (09/03/2020)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Buyukada, Adalar, Istanbul
Date of start of the outbreak 21/11/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (06/02/2020)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 1375 81 0 81 0
Affected population All equids in Adalar district were subjected to serological (CFT) and allergic (mallein) tests in order to prevent recurrence of the disease. There is no case detected positive in these tests which have regularly been performed since 21 November 2019 when the disease started. Quarantine, cleaning and dysinfection measures have been continued till now though the disease actually ended on 6 February 2020.
Outbreak 2 Samat, Mudurnu, Bolu
Date of start of the outbreak 19/12/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (10/01/2020)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 37 7 0 7 0
Affected population The cases were detected in the course of screening carried out with the purpose of identification of equids.
Outbreak 3 Orencik, Mudurnu, Bolu
Date of start of the outbreak 19/12/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (10/01/2020)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 48 3 0 3 0
Affected population The cases were detected in the course of screening carried out with the purpose of identification of equids.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 1460 91 0 91 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 6.23% 0.00% 0.00% 6.23%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Etlik Veterinary Control Central Research Institute (National laboratory) Equidae complement fixation test (CFT) 04/12/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations