Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
United States of America
Information received on 07/01/2020 from Dr Mark Davidson, Associate Administrator, USDA-APHIS, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 5
Date of start of the event 08/07/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 17/07/2019
Report date 07/01/2020
Date submitted to OIE 07/01/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/04/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype RHDV2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (19/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (08/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (30/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 4 (03/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 5 (07/01/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Clallam County, Clallam, Washington
Date of start of the outbreak 23/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 145 24 0 0
Affected population Non-commercial rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at an animal sanctuary.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 145 ** 24 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Rabbits ** 16.55% ** 16.55%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The USDA, Animal Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), and the Washington State Department of Agriculture are conducting a comprehensive epidemiological investigation of this event. Update January 7, 2020: RHDV2 was detected in an animal sanctuary with non-commercial rabbits. The premises was quarantined.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) European Rabbit antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 03/01/2020 Positive
National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) European Rabbit reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 03/01/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations