African swine fever,
Sierra Leone
Information received on 11/02/2020 from Dr Amadu Tejan Jalloh, Deputy Director - Animal Health, Livestock and Veterinary Services Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry , Freetown, Sierra Leone
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 20/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 12/11/2019
Report date 11/02/2020
Date submitted to OIE 11/02/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (11)
Outbreak cluster 1 Western Area rural and urban, Western Area Rural , Western Rural (11 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 20/09/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (30/12/2019)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 10946 619 605 2 0
Affected population The outbreak was in free range backyards and confined in both Western Area Rural and Urban.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 11
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 10946 619 605 2 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine 5.66% 5.53% 97.74% 5.55%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments An investigation was carried out in 12 communities in Western Area Rural and Urban; most farmers leave their pigs scavenging along the ocean in dumping sites. Farmers were disposing off dead pigs in the same ocean. Estimated herd mortality range from 0 to 99.4% in affected communities. Samples were collected and tested at the Central Veterinary Laboratory Teko-Makeni where African swine fever virus was confirmed.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
United States Department of Agriculture Laboratory (Foreign laboratory) Swine real-time PCR 04/02/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Swine antibody detection ELISA 12/11/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations