Rabies,
Malaysia
Information received on 20/01/2020 from Dr Quaza Nizamuddin Bin Hassan Nizam, Director General of Veterinary Services, Department of veterinary services , Director General Office, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 54
Date of start of the event 04/07/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 08/07/2017
Report date 20/01/2020
Date submitted to OIE 20/01/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 18/09/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabies virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (30/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (03/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (20/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (12/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 7 (19/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 8 (30/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 9 (16/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 10 (02/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 12 (23/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 13 (30/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 14 (08/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 15 (18/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 16 (22/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 17 (23/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 18 (08/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 19 (22/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 20 (28/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 21 (04/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (13/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 23 (18/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 24 (29/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 25 (03/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 26 (10/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 27 (30/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 28 (08/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 29 (23/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 30 (02/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 31 (12/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 32 (19/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 34 (14/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 35 (21/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 36 (28/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 37 (28/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 38 (10/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 39 (25/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 40 (22/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 41 (22/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 42 (05/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 43 (08/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 44 (14/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 45 (22/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 46 (11/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 47 (20/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 48 (28/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 49 (03/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 50 (26/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 51 (03/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 52 (12/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 53 (18/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 54 (20/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 55 (24/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 56 (13/03/2020)
New outbreaks (10)
Outbreak 1 (1958/19 R) SL No 5, Taman Goodland, Betong, Betong, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated cat.
Outbreak 2 (1878/19 R) No 380, Lot 1615, Lrg Temenggong Hj Gobil, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 08/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated cat.
Outbreak 3 (1959/19 R) No 17A, Kampung Tengah Burgin, Spaoh, Betong, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 09/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated cat.
Outbreak 4 (1957/19 R) No19, Lot 1902, Lorong 3B1 Puteri Park, Batu Kawa, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated cat.
Outbreak 5 (1966/19 R) No 24, Kampung Tasik Biru, Bau, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 6 (1965/19 R) No 141, Kampung Bunuk, Batu 21, Jalan Puncak Borneo, Siburan, Serian, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 18/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 7 (1976/19 R/2000/19 R) Kampung Punau, Padawan, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 21/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 2 2 0 2 0
Affected population The affected animals were dogs; a stray and an owned dog that was not vaccinated.
Outbreak 8 (2004/19 R) No 1206, Lot 7923 , Lrg 6 Seladah Jalan Song, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 26/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 9 (1972/19 R) Kampung Siol Kandis, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray dog.
Outbreak 10 (1978/19 R) 250, Lorong 9A2, Jalan Kedandi, Tabuan Dusun, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 16/01/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 10
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 4 4 0 4 0
Dogs 7 7 0 7 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cats 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
Dogs 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments The event of rabies in Sarawak is still confined to 11 divisions, however the infected area increases from 62 to 63 districts. The Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) in Sarawak, the Federal Department of Veterinary Services (DVS), the National Disaster Department and some other enforcement ministries and agencies are conducting rabies control and eradication program in Sarawak from March 2019 through mass vaccination and selective culling of stray dogs. Six phases out of eight have been completed and all phases are due for completion in November 2019.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Kedah Dogs 277
    Perak Dogs 2526 Mass vaccination
    Perlis Dogs 1864
    Sarawak Cats 8695 Mass vaccination
    Dogs 129997 Mass vaccination
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Zoning
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Sarawak Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory (Local laboratory) Cats direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 16/01/2020 Positive
Sarawak Veterinary Laboratory (Local laboratory) Dogs direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 16/01/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations