Foot and mouth disease,
Russia
Information received on 30/01/2020 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance , Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 27/01/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 29/01/2020
Report date 30/01/2020
Date submitted to OIE 30/01/2020
Date event resolved 01/04/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 24/04/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (30/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (10/04/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Novotsurukhajtuj, Priargunsky, Zabajkal`Skij Kray
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (01/04/2020)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 164 90 0 164 0
Sheep / goats 30 0 0 30 0
Swine 59 0 0 59 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 164 90 0 164 0
Sheep / goats 30 0 0 30 0
Swine 59 0 0 59 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 54.88% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
Sheep / goats 0.00% 0.00% - 100.00%
Swine 0.00% 0.00% - 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The suspected source of infection is a communal cattle watering point on the Argun river along which the national boundary between the Russian Federation and China runs.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Stamping out
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 29/01/2020 Positive
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle complement fixation test (CFT) 29/01/2020 Positive
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 29/01/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations