Leishmaniosis,
Iceland
Information received on 10/02/2020 from Dr Sigurborg Dađadóttir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 15/11/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 21/12/2019
Report date 10/02/2020
Date submitted to OIE 10/02/2020
Date event resolved 19/03/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Leishmania spp
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/03/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Reykjavik, Gullbringu
Date of start of the outbreak 15/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 15 1 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 15 1 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 6.67% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments This is the first detection of Leishmania in Iceland. The incident was reported to the Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority on January 14. The infected dog was imported from Spain in 2018. It has been used for breeding of four bitches. The vector for Leishmania (sand flies) does not exist in the country, but due to the possibility of veneral and vertical transmission, restrictions regarding mating has been instructed for the infected and potentially infected dogs. Samples have been taken from two bitches which have aborted or shown other symptoms. Results from analyses of those samples are pending.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Finn Pathologists (Private Laboratory) Dogs antibody detection ELISA 21/12/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations