COVID-19 (SARS-COV-2),
Hong Kong (SAR - PRC)
Information received on 01/03/2020 from Dr Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer / Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong , Hong Kong (SAR - PRC)
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/02/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 28/02/2020
Report date 29/02/2020
Date submitted to OIE 01/03/2020
Date event resolved 13/03/2020
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 1 (scale 0 to 5)
Mortality 0 (scale 0 to 5)
Zoonotic impact Zoonotic potential unknown at this time
Causal agent SARS-CoV-2
Related reports Immediate notification (29/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (07/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (28/03/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Tai Hang, Islands District, Hong Kong
Date of start of the outbreak 26/02/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (13/03/2020)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 0 0
Affected population A dog kept in the same household as a confirmed COVID-19 patient. The animal did not show any relevant clinical signs.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The dog was placed under quarantine on 26 February 2020 after its owner was hospitalised due to COVID-19 infection. Following veterinary examination nasal, oral, rectal swabs as well as faeces were taken after the dog’s admission to the quarantine facility. Nasal and oral samples tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. The dog has not exhibited any specific clinical signs. Additional samples taken on 28 February also tested positive. Investigations are continuing to determine the duration of virus detection.  Risk management measures are in place for this case, including cleansing and disinfection of the premises, and proper personal hygiene and protection. Mammalian pets from households with confirmed human cases of COVID-19 will be be placed under quarantine and veterinary surveillance for 14 days. Samples will be collected for testing of SARS-CoV-2 as appropriate.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Tai Lung Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Dogs real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 28/02/2020 Positive
Tai Lung Veterinary Laboratory, Agriculture Fisheries and Conservation Department (National laboratory) Dogs real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 27/02/2020 Positive
School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong (Regional Reference Laboratory) Dogs real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 27/02/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations