African swine fever,
Timor-Leste
Information received on 13/03/2020 from Dr Da Costa Jong Joanita Bendita, National Director of Veterinary Directorate, Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Dili, Timor-Leste
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 09/09/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 26/09/2019
Report date 13/03/2020
Date submitted to OIE 13/03/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (27/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (13/03/2020)
New outbreaks (26)
Outbreak cluster 1 Caicua and Vemassetasi, Vemasse, Baucau municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 15/09/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 2 Meligo, Goulolo, Manapa, Guda and Lebos, Cailaco, Bobonaro municipality, Timor Leste (5 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 3 Leorema and Metagou, Bazartete, Liquica municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 04/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 4 Talimoro, Cucua, Eraulu and Haufu, Ermera Villa, Ermera Municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 04/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 5 Ossu de Sima and Bahatata, Ossu, Viqueque Municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 6 Bermana, Caimau and Clacuc, Turiscai, Manufahi municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 7 Rasa, Souro and Parlamento, Lospalos, Lautém Municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 8 Ainaro Vila and Maubise Vila, Ainaro Vila, Ainaro municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak 9 Madabeno and Fatuisi, Aileu Villa, Aileu municipality, Timor Leste
Date of start of the outbreak 15/11/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 10 Passabe and Bobometo, Passabe, Oecusse Municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 11/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 11 Lactos and Maudemo, Fohorem, Covalima municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 11/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak cluster 12 Maabat and Manehat, Manatuto Villa, Manatuto municipality, Timor Leste (2 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 26
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine **
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Municipalities were confirmed infected with randomly selected villages. Supportive treatment and disinfection were applied. Bio-security measures in the area identified the absence of ASF isolate. Introduction of pigs and pig products is not allowed (nor movements, only workers or owners).
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations