Leishmaniosis,
Iceland
Information received on 19/03/2020 from Dr Sigurborg Dađadóttir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1 (Final report)
Date of start of the event 15/11/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 21/12/2019
Report date 19/03/2020
Date submitted to OIE 19/03/2020
Date event resolved 19/03/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Leishmania spp
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/03/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments This is the first detection of Leishmania in Iceland. The incident was reported to the Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority on January 14. The infected dog was imported from Spain in 2018. It has been used for breeding of four bitches. The vector for Leishmania (sand flies) does not exist in the country, but due to the possibility of veneral and vertical transmission, restrictions regarding mating has been instructed for the infected and potentially infected dogs. Samples have been taken from two bitches which have aborted or shown other symptoms. Results from analyses of those samples are pending.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Finn Pathologists (Private Laboratory) Dogs antibody detection ELISA 21/12/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event cannot be considered resolved, but the situation is sufficiently stable. No more follow-up reports will be sent. Information about this disease will be included in the next six-monthly reports.