Anthrax,
Croatia
Information received on 30/03/2020 from Dr Tatjana Karačić, Assistant Minister, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/03/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 28/03/2020
Report date 30/03/2020
Date submitted to OIE 30/03/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/12/2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Glavice, Glavice, Sinj, Splitsko-Dalmatinska
Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 19 1 1 0 0
Affected population The herd is consisting of 19 cattle. One unvaccinated cattle on the pasture showed clinical signs and per- acutely died. The rest of the animals did not show clinical signs of anthrax. In response of the outbreak, vaccination of all unvaccinated susceptible animals will be carried out.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 19 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 5.26% 5.26% 100.00% 5.26%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Disinfection
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Croatian Veterinary Institute- Branch Split (Regional Laboratory) Cattle bacteriological examination 28/03/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations