Rabies,
Malaysia
Information received on 11/05/2020 from Dr Dato'Dr Norlizan Mohd Noor, Deputy Director General, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 58
Date of start of the event 04/07/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 08/07/2017
Report date 11/05/2020
Date submitted to OIE 11/05/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 18/09/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabies virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (30/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (03/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (20/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (12/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 7 (19/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 8 (30/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 9 (16/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 10 (02/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 12 (23/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 13 (30/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 14 (08/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 15 (18/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 16 (22/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 17 (23/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 18 (08/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 19 (22/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 20 (28/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 21 (04/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (13/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 23 (18/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 24 (29/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 25 (03/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 26 (10/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 27 (30/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 28 (08/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 29 (23/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 30 (02/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 31 (12/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 32 (19/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 34 (14/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 35 (21/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 36 (28/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 37 (28/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 38 (10/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 39 (25/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 40 (22/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 41 (22/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 42 (05/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 43 (08/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 44 (14/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 45 (22/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 46 (11/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 47 (20/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 48 (28/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 49 (03/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 50 (26/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 51 (03/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 52 (12/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 53 (18/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 54 (20/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 55 (24/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 56 (13/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 57 (15/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 58 (11/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 59 (28/05/2020)
New outbreaks (9)
Outbreak 1 (430/20 R) No 104, Jalan Sebuku, Buso, Bau, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 2 (438/20 R) Paku, Bau, Bau, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray dog.
Outbreak 3 (496/20 R) 2A, Lorong Permai Timur 10, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 31/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 4 (476/20 R) 125, Kampung Simpok, Kota Padawan, Serian, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 06/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray dog.
Outbreak 5 (517/20 R) Lrg 5, Kampung Pasir Ulu, Lundu, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 13/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 6 (424/20 R) No 27, Lot 1155, Lrg Greenwood 2F, Taman Indah Ria Batu 9, 94300 Jalan Kuching-Serian, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 07/05/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 7 (404/20 R) Timur Kami Sdn Bhd, No 66, Sublot 2005, Section 66, Jalan Semangat, Pending Industrial Estate, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 07/05/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray cat.
Outbreak 8 (429/20 R) Kolej Kesihatan Batu 7, Padawan, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 07/05/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray cat.
Outbreak 9 (510/20 R) Kampung Quop, Batu 10, Padawan, Kuching, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 07/05/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned dog. The dog as vaccinated sometimes in 2019.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 9
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 7 7 0 7 0
Cats 2 2 0 2 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
Cats 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments The event of rabies in Sarawak is still confined to 11 divisions, however the infected area increases from 62 to 63 districts. The Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) in Sarawak, the Federal Department of Veterinary Services (DVS), the National Disaster Department and some other enforcement ministries and agencies are conducting rabies control and eradication program in Sarawak from March 2019 through mass vaccination and selective culling of stray dogs.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Kedah Dogs 277
    Perak Dogs 2526 Mass vaccination
    Perlis Dogs 1864
    Sarawak Cats 8695 Mass vaccination
    Dogs 129997 Mass vaccination
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Zoning
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Sarawak Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory (National laboratory) Cats direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 07/05/2020 Positive
Sarawak Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory (National laboratory) Dogs direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 07/05/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations