Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Senegal
Information received on 03/06/2020 from Dr Mbargou Lo, Directeur des Services vétérinaires, Direction des Services vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Elevage et des Productions animales, Dakar, Senegal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 30/03/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 26/05/2020
Report date 03/06/2020
Date submitted to OIE 03/06/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype RHDV2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (03/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (11/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (18/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (23/06/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Thies, Thies, Thies
Date of start of the outbreak 30/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 381 250 142 0 0
Affected population Domestic rabbits were affected in rabbit farms.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 381 250 142 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Rabbits 65.62% 37.27% 56.80% 37.27%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (serotype RHDV2) has occurred for the first time in Senegal. Flemish giant rabbits, checkered giant rabbits and fauve de Bourgogne rabbits were affected. Clinical signs reported in the farms were fever, anorexia, conjunctivitis, epistaxis, groaning and sudden death. Investigations are on-going to identify the origin of the disease through molecular biology.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Livestock and Veterinary Research Laboratory in Dakar (LNERV) (National laboratory) Rabbits reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/05/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations