Bovine babesiosis,
New Caledonia
Information received on 14/06/2020 from Dre Coralie Lussiez, Cheffe du Pôle biosécurité, Service d'inspection vétérinaire, alimentaire et phytosanitaire, Direction des Affaires Vétérinaires, Alimentaires et Rurales, Nouméa, New Caledonia
Report type Follow-up report No. 23
Date of start of the event 06/03/2008
Date of confirmation of the event 14/03/2008
Report date 14/06/2020
Date submitted to OIE 14/06/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 1990
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (31/03/2008)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/05/2008)
Follow-up report No. 2 (10/12/2008)
Follow-up report No. 3 (18/03/2009)
Follow-up report No. 4 (17/07/2009)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2010)
Follow-up report No. 6 (20/08/2010)
Follow-up report No. 7 (24/01/2011)
Follow-up report No. 8 (06/06/2011)
Follow-up report No. 9 (30/12/2011)
Follow-up report No. 10 (09/07/2012)
Follow-up report No. 11 (25/02/2013)
Follow-up report No. 12 (25/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 13 (04/03/2014)
Follow-up report No. 14 (31/07/2014)
Follow-up report No. 15 (19/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (17/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 17 (10/05/2016)
Follow-up report No. 18 (07/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 19 (19/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 20 (23/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 21 (31/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (18/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 23 (14/06/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Vectors
Epidemiological comments The outbreak of bovine babesiosis limited to the area of Tamoa is still being eradicated. No circulation of babesiosis was detected in 2019 and early 2020 in the affected farms. A total of 5138 serological tests were performed in 2019, of which nine were positive and several suspicious, but all tested negative in PCR (a total of 216 PCR tests were performed, all negative). Thus, although the outbreak cannot be closed, it remains localized to a restricted area and has not spread. The political will to eradicate this disease has been confirmed and a budget of 30 million CFP has been set aside for this purpose for 2020. A new decree setting out the sanitary measures for eradication will be proposed to the government for adoption on 24 June 2020. It confirms the measures for monitoring animals in the zone, reinforces the conditions for monitoring and slaughter of feral cattle and prohibits the establishment of new farms in the zone. It also updates the list of affected farms and properties, supplemented by a map highlighting the protection belt established around the farms at risk to prevent the spread of the disease via serological monitoring of all affected farms.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Zoning
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • Treatment of affected animals ( )
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.