Foot and mouth disease,
Rwanda
Information received on 02/07/2020 from Dr Fabrice Ndayisenga, Head of Department, Animal Resource Research and Technology Transfer, Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Kigali, Rwanda
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 22/06/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 24/06/2020
Report date 02/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 02/07/2020
Date event resolved 30/06/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (02/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (30/07/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kayonza, kahi and kanyinya, Gahini and Ndego, Kayonza
Date of start of the outbreak 22/06/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (30/06/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 499 73 0 0 73
Affected population Due to the information of cows manifesting clinical signs associated with foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Kayonza District in two farms, blood and oral tissue samples were collected for further analysis. The first farm was located in Kahi cell, Gahini sector and the second farm was located in Kanyinya, Ndego sector in the district of Kayonza. - In first farm : Out of 102 cows, 53 had FMD symptoms. Nine blood samples were collected from the coccygeal vein. All the nine (9) cows from the first farm showed the presence of antibodies against FMD virus. - in the second farm : Out of 397 Cows, 4 had clinical symptoms. Blood samples from eleven cows were collected. Serological analysis showed that two (2) out of 11 cows had produced antibodies against FMD virus.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 499 73 0 0 73
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 14.63% 0.00% 0.00% 14.63%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments Kayonza district is one of the area in Eastern Province of Rwanda where the country is still facing FMD outbreaks due to illegal cattle movement across the borders.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Slaughter
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Zoning
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Rubilizi National Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 24/06/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations