Newcastle disease,
Russia
Information received on 02/07/2020 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance , Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 01/05/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 05/05/2020
Report date 02/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 02/07/2020
Date event resolved 28/05/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/02/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Penkino, Kameshkovsky, Vladimirskaya Oblast
Date of start of the outbreak 01/05/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (28/05/2020)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 120 2 2 118 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 120 2 2 118 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 1.67% 1.67% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The Newcastle disease virus RNA was detected in internal organ samples taken from chickens (35 days old) and turkeys (10 days old). As a result of sequencing, fragments of the F gene open reading frame of ND virus were identified (130-590 nt). The F0 protein cleavage site has the sequence of 112KRQKR ^ F-117 and contains two pairs of basic amino acids and a phenylalanine residue at position 117 which is characteristic of virulent strains of avian paramyxovirus type 1. The viruses identified are very similar to each other in terms of the genome region studied and belong to Subgenotype VII-L.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 05/05/2020 Positive
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds virus sequencing 05/05/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations