Anthrax,
Italy
Information received on 07/07/2020 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/05/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 01/06/2020
Report date 07/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 07/07/2020
Date event resolved 08/07/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 12/11/2019
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (07/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (17/07/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (ANTH_1_VV_2020) Spilinga, VIBO VALENTIA, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 26/05/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (08/07/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3 1 1
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3 1 1
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 33.33% ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Seizure of the animals present on the farm, prohibition of animal movement both at entry and exit. All the farms adjacent to the farm where the outbreak occurred were checked.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Puglia and Basilicata - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle bacteriological examination 01/06/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations