Lumpy skin disease,
Chinese Taipei
Information received on 10/07/2020 from Dr Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/07/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 10/07/2020
Report date 10/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 10/07/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (06/08/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-1) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 08/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 548 36 1 79 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-1
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 548 36 1 79 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 6.57% 0.18% 2.78% 14.60%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Suspected clinical signs were observed at the Livestock Research Institute of Kinmen County, and reported by Kinmen County Animal and Plant Disease Control Center on July 8, 2020. Samples were sent to the National Laboratory, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI), for diagnosis. Lumpy skin disease was confirmed by the AHRI on July 10, 2020. The farm has been placed under movement restriction. All animals on the infected farm will be culled. Cleaning and disinfection will be conducted after stamping out operation. In addition, there is a total of 47 cattle farms within a three-kilometer radius of the infected farm. The 11 surrounding cattle farms within a one-kilometer radius of the infected farm have been first surveyed, with no clinical signs. The remaining 36 cattle farms within a three-kilometer radius of the infected farm will have their clinical surveillance completed soon.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Disinfestation
  • Control of vectors
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Stamping out
  • Vector surveillance
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle electron microscopy 10/07/2020 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 10/07/2020 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 10/07/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations