Anthrax,
Azerbaijan
Information received on 16/07/2020 from Dr Galib Abdulaliyev, Head, CVO, Animal Health Department, Azerbaijan Food Safety Agency, Baku, Azerbaijan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 10/07/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 14/07/2020
Report date 16/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 16/07/2020
Date event resolved 16/07/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 09/05/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (16/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/07/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Sheki, Aran , Sheki
Date of start of the outbreak 10/07/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (16/07/2020)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 30 0 0 0 0
Sheep 148 2 2 0 0
Affected population 148 sheep and 30 cattle are in a backyard farm. The farmer has his own separate grazing pasture. Sheep are fed by grazing in the pasture. Only two young unvaccinated sheep were affected. All susceptible animals were vaccinated.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 30 0 0 0 0
Sheep 148 2 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
Sheep 1.35% 1.35% 100.00% 1.35%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
Epidemiological comments Vaccination has been done in January, before lambing. Affected sheep were not vaccinated due to less than three months age during the last vaccination campaign.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory of Azerbaijan Food Safety Institute (National laboratory) Sheep bacteriological examination 14/07/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory of Azerbaijan Food Safety Institute (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 14/07/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations